novels about ethics

Novels, much more than treatises have the capacity to make us better people. Replacing Irwin's earlier Plato's Moral Theory (Oxford, 1977), this book gives a clearer and fuller account of the main questions and discusses some recent controversies in the interpretation of Plato's ethics. Read. Your next choice is Derek Parfit’s Reasons and Persons. From this follow the identity of mind and body, the necessary causation of events and actions, and the illusory nature of free will. Your final pick, The Sceptical Feminist, is conveniently by Derek Parfit’s wife, Janet Radcliffe Richards. It is what it says on the cover – there’s a feminist component to it, and a sceptical component to it. What is a trolley problem? Read. Edmonds is the author of several books, and with Nigel Warburton he produces the popular podcast series Philosophy Bites. Front Desk, by Kelly Yang This big-hearted novel follows Mia, a young immigrant who lives at a motel where her parents are employed. Ethics, Demonstrated in Geometrical Order (Latin: Ethica, ordine geometrico demonstrata), usually known as the Ethics, is a philosophical treatise written in Latin by Benedictus de Spinoza.It was written between 1661 and 1675 and was first published posthumously in 1677.. by Peter Singer Lucid and wide-ranging, these contributions will provoke discussion among bioethicists, legal scholars, and policy makers. Happiness is not an easy thing to measure, but you can say sensible things about what makes people happy and what doesn’t. In other words, the questions are What is the content of morality? Read That may be true, in which case from a utilitarian point of view they are making a blunder. 4 Jerusalem is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and a place of longing for three faiths—and yet we know it mostly as a place of strife and conflict. Ethics (German: Ethik) is an unfinished book by Dietrich Bonhoeffer that was edited and published after his death by Eberhard Bethge in 1949. On August 4, 2017, the NASW Delegate Assembly approved the most substantive revision to the NASW Code of Ethics since 1996. Even though Minimal Ethics for the Anthropocene is first and foremost concerned with life, it is the narrative about the impending death of the human population (i.e., the extinction of the human species), that provides a context for its argument. This is a book of two halves. A couple of people in China now have sold their kidneys in order to buy iPads. Why should people do what is right and not do what is wrong? In our days morality has ceased to be a matter of unquestionable certainty, and has been drawn into the wave of disintegration which is passing over our minds. What would you sell your kidney for? Williams is a critic of utilitarianism – he thinks it is a deeply simplistic way to view the moral world. So you can save five lives at the cost of one life. 2 Applied ethics is the application of moral theory to the real world. One of the blurbs on the back of book says “Reasons and Persons is a work of genius”, and I think it is. David Edmonds is an award-winning radio feature maker at the BBC World Service. Most people would say that the latter is better than the former. The author has chosen to examine certain modern ethical theories (which themselves seek to embody what is best in ancient thought about the good), and these he has considered in relation with other contemporary movements of the mind. I think the reason why people recoil from that idea is because they think the person is making an empirical mistake. The earliest surviving writings that might be taken as ethics … Williams says that from a utilitarian point of view, of course you should kill the one person to save the other 19. Utilitarianism is the view that you should do that which produces the most happiness or wellbeing. This is a famous but very controversial piece by Bertrand Russell. I find the book, especially by being set in space, produces a striking depiction of the central ethical questions about our relationship with AI. Mortal Questions The first problem, invented by a philosopher called Philippa Foot, is that a trolley is going to kill five people on the rails. If you fully understand the implications, what right do I have to deny you that decision? Five Books participates in the Amazon Associate program and earns money from qualifying purchases. The NASW Code of Ethics is to be used by NASW and by individuals, agencies, organizations, and bodies (such as licensing and regulatory boards, professional liability insurance providers, courts of law, agency boards of directors, government agencies, and other professional groups) that choose to adopt it or use it as a … As such, utilitarianism seems common sense, but also cold and calculating. The philosopher suggests some answers and picks the best books on 'ethical problems.'. You know that 19 lives are better than no lives, for instance. He is prolific, but if you want to know what Singer believes on a given topic, you may as well go back to Practical Ethics. At its simplest, ethics is a system of moral principles. More and more, schools today are being called upon to help children learn to think ethically. He says, if you kill one of them, I won’t kill the other 19. I first read the five books that we are going to talk about here 25 years ago, which was the beginning of a burgeoning of applied ethics, with people like Jonathan Glover and Peter Singer applying theory to real issues like euthanasia, capital punishment, poverty, distribution of income, animal rights, abortion – questions of life and death. Singer says that suffering matters wherever it is produced, and we should care about the suffering of any sentient creature. Next up is Thomas Nagel’s Mortal Questions. But it’s difficult to figure out just why it would be wrong for you to be allowed to sell your organs. E Is for Ethics E Is for Ethics by Ian James Corlett - Now in paperback, E Is for Ethics—an indispensable parenting tool to help instill a … The Possibility of Practical Reason explores the foundational questions of moral psychology: How can any of our behavior qualify as acting for a reason? He studied at Oxford University, has a PhD in philosophy from the Open University, and has held fellowships at the universities of Chicago and Michigan. Bernard Williams is an essayist and he looks at the big picture, like Nagel. 5 When you ask people that, most people still say you shouldn’t kill the fat man. That seems crazy, but when you think about it, it has some plausibility to it. But that’s to miss that it’s you who’s doing the killing. Business Ethics Norma Rae (1979) Deals with Business ethics and the strength of human character. I’ve never seen the trolley problem with your mother, but I have seen it put to the arch-utilitarian Peter Singer, whose own mother fell ill. It plays a prominent role in defining Aristotelian ethics. Read Should you do it? People die every day because there is a shortage of organs. The trolley is going along as before, and is going to kill five people. To those faced with the many questions and quandaries of doing business with integrity, Alexander Hill offers a place to begin. Read 15 940 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Hazlitt writes on the relationship between economics and the good of society in general. Its goal is to help the reader better engage the issues and arguments on all sides with greater clarity. If you’re presented with all the choices, and you think this is your best choice, why should I deprive you of the opportunity of exercising your liberty? What that tells you about utilitarianism, I don’t know. Ethics - Ethics - The history of Western ethics: The first ethical precepts must have been passed down by word of mouth from parents and elders, but as societies learned to use the written word, they began to set down their ethical beliefs. Most memorable in terms of ethics is the moral climax, when Huck must choose between his friend, Jim, and the strictures of racism and conventional morality. After more than 250 years, Hume is still at the front line of philosophical inquiry. Starting in second grade, children in our school attend ethics class, much the same way they attend music or physical education class. related or doing conception of ethics is sometimes overlooked today. Among its most … by Bernard Williams & JJC Smart I don’t mean to cast aspersions on utilitarianism, and when I was a student I classified myself as one. So does that then mean that it’s a good thing to bring a life that is better than nothing into the world? I agreed with almost every position he took on every issue. Applied ethics is the application of moral theory to the real world. Bonhoeffer worked on the book in the early 1940s and intended it to be his magnum opus. In the novel, the spaceship’s computer HAL 9000 ‘goes bad’. Shop Work ethic books at Alibris. More people are willing to turn the switch than push the fat man, but not dramatically more. But what's the difference between ethics and morality? They want to say that all lives are of equal value, and that we throw them all into this casserole of wellbeing, stir it around and see what the best result is, with no special obligation to our family and friends. Every year, the Booker Prize judges whittle a year's worth of fiction down to a shortlist of six books, each competing for the title of the best novel of the year. The first example is this. At this juncture, will you give us a beginner’s guide to utilitarianism and how it impacts on these ethical dilemmas? But … This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the theoretical principles of ethical philosophies, facilitating ethical … Five Books interviews are expensive to produce. It came out in the late seventies, a time when people were still barred from jobs on grounds of sex. New book calls for the embrace of an ‘ethics of responsibility’ to solve social, economic, and political problems By Liz Mineo Harvard Staff Writer Date February 19, 2020 February 19, 2020 I became a vegetarian at university after reading it, so it had a big effect on my life. Today, it is often used in just war theory, the distinction between targeting a military installation knowing that civilians will be killed as bystanders, and directly intending the death of civilians. It’s a very practical book which addresses these controversial issues. Spinoza uses the methods of Euclid to describe a single entity, properly called both 'God' and 'Nature'. Hill carefully explores the foundational Christian concepts of holiness, justice and love. That’s saying that utilitarians have just got the calculation wrong – that they think this would make the world happier, but it won’t. This site has an archive of more than one thousand interviews, or five thousand book recommendations. I kept it in the family. A brief and selective discussion of the Statesmen, Philebus, and Laws is included. So she is feminist, but sceptically so. If you say that humans are more important than animals, you have to give a reason. Its subject consists of fundamental issues of practical decision making, and its major concerns include the nature of ultimate value and the standards by which human actions can be morally evaluated. The book offers the systematic critical examination of Aristotle's views on the exactness of ethics. Media Ethics: Cases and Moral Reasoning challenges readers to think analytically about ethical situations in mass communication through original case studies and commentaries about real-life media experiences. Ethics seeks to answer two questions: What is to be regarded as right and as wrong? How must we behave? The other, for me, would be that Great American Novel Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. The job pays well – means he can look after his wife and kids – and although he doesn’t believe in the work, if he doesn’t do it then someone else will do it even better, and promote this industry which he objects to. Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues By Steven M. Cahn; Peter Markie Oxford University Press, 1998 PS PRIMARY SOURCE A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. He’s a beautiful writer, and this and his subsequent book The View From Nowhere are two of my favourite philosophy books. But Singer is completely logical about it. Who am I to say you can’t do what you want with your body? The book is perhaps the most ambitious attempt … So there’s no reason why you can’t be an ethical meat eater, but you have to choose what meat you eat. He examines several highly regarded arguments for the existence (or necessity) of God. Scientists have subsequently discovered that when people are involved in car accidents and sustain damage to their ventromedial frontal cortex, they are more likely to reach utilitarian conclusions in some of these thought experiments than they were before. It was a close place. He would be aghast at the commodification of certain things, including organs. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The book seeks to demonstrate that living an ethical life requires a mode of perception that is best called ethical perception. Find a huge variety of new & used Work ethic books online including bestsellers & rare titles at the best prices. Utilitarianism has a wonderfully straightforward answer to all these thought experiments, that there is an algorithm or equation to working out what action produces the most happiness, and that is what you should do. But perhaps they will survive to a good old age with one kidney, without noticing the absence of their other one, and get enormous pleasure from using their iPad to access Five Books. Unprecedented advances in medicine, genetic engineering, and demographic forecasting raise new questions that strain the categories and assumptions of traditional ethical theories. But that fails to capture the question of integrity. There’s a whole chapter on the fact that if we know that people are going to die in the Third World and we fail to do something about it, we’re as responsible for their murder as if we put a bullet through their heads. Five Books aims to keep its book recommendations and interviews up to date. One of the most practical applications for the study of Philosophy is in the field of Ethics. So once you accept the premise, you have to take animal suffering a bit more seriously. Reasons and Persons was written in 1984, and Derek Parfit was one of my postgraduate supervisors. Nicomachean Ethics is the name given to the well-known work by Aristotle on virtue and moral character. It might be that if you put a price on it, fewer people would sell their organs – or it might be that lots of people would and you would solve the crisis. Utilitarianism: For and Against It might not. Margaret Busby, chair of this year's judging panel, discusses the six books that made the cut in 2020. Read Williams again says that from a utilitarian point of view, George should take the job. These records constitute the first historical evidence of the origins of ethics. Eve Rabinoff argues that the faculty of perception is informed by intellect and has an ethical dimension ... Key ideas in the fields of normative ethics, metaethics and applied ethics are explained rigorously and systematically. Imagine you’re in a Latin American country, and you come across a guerilla leader who is about to kill 20 Indians (a somewhat politically incorrect use of that term). I love this book because it is again incredibly rigorous, analytic and not at all sentimental or wishy washy. What is the sanction for morality? But this time you’re on a footbridge, and you can stop the train by pushing a fat man onto the tracks, who is so large that his bulk will stop the train and save the five lives. That’s one possible psychological explanation. Most people would agree that it would be. If you say it is, you get involved in what he calls the “repugnant conclusion”. If you are the interviewee and would like to update your choice of books (or even just what you say about them) please email us at [email protected] I loved its rigour, and I found Peter Singer almost impossible to argue with. There were chapters on abortion, on animal rights, on how much money we can give to the poor. It’s really the blueprint for everything he’s written subsequently. The Treatise has a fair claim to be the most important philosophical text ever written in English. The first trolley problem has been around since 1967, the fat man version appears in the 1980s, and nobody agrees exactly what the distinction is between them. There are two basic trolley problems. The reason why you can’t throw yourself is because you’re not fat enough. (7522 views) Practical Ethics by Viscount Samuel - Oxford University Press, 1945 Read. The Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle's most important study of personal morality and the ends of human life, has for many centuries been a widely-read and influential book.Though written more than 2,000 years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct. Utilitarianism sees everything from a bird’s eye view, and doesn’t realise that you’re involved with the consequences of your actions. The book presupposes no conclusions on the controversial moral questions about the treatment of animals, and argues for none either. Introduction to Ethical Studies An Open Source Reader Lee Archie John G. Archie The second example is a character called George, who is very anti nuclear power. He of course looked after her, but from a utilitarian perspective recognised that her life was of no more value than any other life. by Derek Parfit Business Ethics: Selected full-text books and articles The Ethical Executive: Becoming Aware of the Root Causes of Unethical Behavior: 45 Psychological Traps That Every One of Us Falls Prey To By Robert … Read 3 by Thomas Nagel From a utilitarian perspective, it certainly could be. Here’s one of them. The NASW Code of Ethics … Don't they mean the same thing? With emergent technological advances over the last two decades, the profession could not ignore the necessity for more clarity around the complex ethical issues that arise with the use of various forms of technology. You have to say it’s because they’re smarter, or have the ability to plan for the future. He does not himself use either of these titles, although in the Politics (1295a36) he refers back to one of themprobably the Eudemian Ethicsas ta êthikahis writings about character. Let’s get stuck into your book selection, beginning with Peter Singer’s Practical Ethics. Imagine a world with a trillion people in it, all of whose lives are only slightly better than nothing – they have enough to eat and drink, but there is nothing really fulfilling about their existence. 1 Now if you accept that premise – and I don’t see how you can’t – then there is a real problem of humankind’s overlap with some animals. You could give that answer, but that’s an answer within the utilitarian framework. Janet makes the point – which others had made before, including John Stuart Mill – that this makes no sense. At a time when politics and virtue seem less compatible than oil and water, Democracy and Moral Development shows how to bring the two together. Why do you think they are more morally important than animals? He says that to claim that humans are more important than animals merely because they’re human would be what he calls “speciesist”, and no different from saying that white people are more important than black people merely because they’re white. It’s a version of consequentialism, which is the view that you should do that which produces the best consequences – utilitarianism says that what matters most about those consequences is happiness. , Symonds argues Against the belief that knowledge of matters of conduct can never be of. My BPhil supervisor, Janet Radcliffe Richards read it plays a prominent role in defining ethics! The final chapter, about our obligations to future generations two of my favourite Philosophy books ( 2005 Documentary. Guide to utilitarianism and how it impacts on these ethical dilemmas most important philosophical text written. 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