meaning of pongal in tamil

[32] On this day people discard old belongings and celebrate new possessions. [12][5][13] It is traditionally an occasion for decorating rice-powder based kolam artworks, offering prayers in the home, temples, getting together with family and friends, and exchanging gifts to renew social bonds of solidarity. [36], Tamilians decorate their homes with banana and mango leaves and embellish the entrance space before homes, corridors or doors with decorative floral, festive or geometric patterns drawn using colored rice flour. [45] The Attukal Pongala has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest gathering of women in the world, featuring an estimated 2.5 million women. Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions. They bathe the cattle and paint their horns in red, blue, yellow and green. [52] It is celebrated in many parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh. [9][29] Along with the sweet version of the Pongal dish, some prepare other versions such as salty and savoury (venpongal). Hence, this practise is most important aspect of ‘Pongal’ festival. A senior member of the family conducts the cooking. [9][32], Bhogi is also observed on the same day in Andhra Pradesh. This year, Bhogi will be celebrated on January 14. [6][35][37] Some decorate their cows with manjalthanni (turmeric water) and oil. Devotees worship Indran, the God of rains on Bhogi. Later on, ‘Pongal’ is shared with neighbours, friends and relatives. This festival of Pongal is celebrated for four days in Tamil Nadu. Festival is celebrated by everyone since it is not significant to any particular religious faith. Huggi is derived from the Old Kannada word Puggi meaning "bubbled up, ballooned". [9], According to tradition, the festival marks the end of winter solstice, and the start of the sun's six-month-long journey northwards (the Uttaraayanam) when the sun enters the zodiac Makara (Capricorn). Pongal or Thai Pongal is also called Makara Sankaranthi, since it is celebrated on the first day of Thai when the Sun enters the Makara Rasi (Capricornus). Pongal festival lasts for four days. Pongal is a harvest festival which is observed mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu. The people assemble and light a bonfire in order to burn the heaps of discards. Houses are cleaned, painted and decorated to give a festive look. This type of pongal is prevalent in pongal festivals such as Thai Pongal) in Tamil Nadu, India. [6], Kanum Pongal, sometimes called the Kanu Pongal, the fourth day of the festival, marks the end of Pongal festivities for the year. Fire wood hearth is setup using three bricks. Cooking begins when clay pot is filled with sufficient water and placed on this heart. Tamil population living all over the World celebrate ‘Pongal’ festival and without making any differences. [30] It is the ritual dish, along with many other courses prepared from seasonal foods for all present. [9][41], Kanu Pidi is a tradition observed on Mattu Pongal by women and young girls. Other ingredients include coconut and ghee (clarified butter from cow milk). It is mainly observed in Tamil Nadu and lasts for about four days. [6], Mattu Pongal is celebrated the day after Surya Pongal. Meanwhile, rest of the family members either dutifully assist him/her or watch the event. [7][14], Pongal is one of the most important festivals celebrated by Tamil people in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India. Customs and Celebrations: Pongal in Tamil generally refers to festivity; more specifically Pongal means "boiling over" or "spill over". Cattle are offered puja and given ‘Pongal’ in plenty. Purnima Ka Chand Rango Ki Doli Chand Se Uski Chandni Boli Khushiyo Se Bhari Ho Aapki Jholi Mubarak Ho Aap Ko Pongal wali rangoli Happy Pongal 2020 New clothes are worn to mark the start of the festival. [5] The blessing of abundance by Goddess Pongal (Uma, Parvati) is symbolically marked by the dish "boiling over". [29] The cooking is done in sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard, as the dish is dedicated to the Sun god, Surya. When meal is ready, it is placed on banana leaf. 1 The Tamil New Year festival, celebrated by the cooking of new rice. [3][4][5][6] It is observed at the start of the month Tai according to Tamil solar calendar,[5] and this is typically about January 14. Hence, this is called ‘Mattu Pongal’. It is traditionally offered to the gods and goddesses first, followed sometimes by cows, then to friends and family gathered. This tamil festival pongal is also known as harvest festival of south India. Actual Meaning Coming back to the celebration of Pongal, nook and corner of Tamil Nadu owe observing Pongal celebration. Dedicated to the worship of the Sun God, Pongal festivities begin with Bhogi followed by Thai Pongal and Mattu Pongal or Kanu. These include two kinds of sugar from ‘chakkarai’ [brown cane sugar] or ‘katkandu’ [sugar candy]. [28] Similarly, the 9th-century Shiva bhakti text Tiruvembavai by Manikkavachakar vividly mentions the festival. [42], Of particular note is the largest pilgrimage and annual gathering of Hindu women to the Attukal Bhagavathy Temple near Thiruvanathapuram (Kerala). If you want to learn more about the meaning and significance of pongal, scroll down. When it starts to bubble, freshly harvested rice grains and cane sugar jaggery are added to the pot. [47], {{}} [35], Other events during Pongal include community sports and games such as cattle race, the Jallikattu. The horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages. [40] Relatives, friends and neighbors visit to greet, while youngsters go out to meet seniors among the relatives and neighborhoods to pay respects and seek blessings, while some elders give the visiting children some pocket change as a gift. This festival is to encourage social cohesiveness by bringing people together in common function. The children then separate and collect the money and sweet fruits. The word ‘Pongal(i)’ is basically a Dravidian word commonly used in entire south India for the food dish item having sweeter and salty variants. Drawing of Kolam, swinging and cooking are essential traditions of the festival. Ingredients can include rice, coconut and moong bean. Happy Pongal is a four-days-long festival, especially celebrated by the people of Tamil Nadu during the month of January(tamil month Thai). Malaysian Tamils celebrate Pongal on 15 January 2012.Thai Pongal, as it is called because it marks the beginning of the Tamil month of Thai, is a harvest festival originally celebrated by Tamils in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. [7] Portions of the sweet pongal dish (sakkara pongal) are distributed as the prasadam in Hindu temples. Shikakai apply kungumam (kumkum) to their foreheads, paint their horns, and feed them a mixture of venn pongal, jaggery, honey, banana and other fruits. The Pongala festival falls according to the Malayalam calendar, in the month of Makaram-Kumbham (February–March). Pongal in the state of Tamil Nadu is celebrated during the same time as 'Bhogali Bihu' in the North Eastern State of Assam, Lohri in Punjab, 'Bhogi' in Andhra Pradesh and 'Makar Sankranti' in the rest of the country, including Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Bengal. Especially, the farmers are much gratified in particular function. Pongal wishes in Tamil, Pongal wishes images in Tamil. Little Mix Usa Tour 2020, Happy Pongal 2014 Sms, Messages, Quotes in Tamil Greetings : Get latest collection of Happy Pongal 2014 wishes in Tamil. [12][31] According to Andre Bateille, this tradition is a means to renew social bonds. [44], While the Attukal Pongala pilgrimage and festival has roots in the Hindu culture and temple, it attracts participation from women from other religions. [35][38] The major cultural festivals on Pongal occur near Madurai. What is Pongal Meaning & how many days it is Celebrated ? Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed on this day. [12] The festival is named after the ceremonial "Pongal", which means "to boil, overflow" and refers to the traditional dish of newly-harvested rice boiled with milk and sugar. Temples and communities hold processions by parading icons from the sanctum of the temple in wooden chariots, drama-dance performances encouraging social gatherings and renewal of community bonds. It is celebrated on the last day of the month of Margazhi (Margasirsha). On ‘Thai Pongal’, every member of the family gets up early in the morning. In the ceremony called Bhogi Pallu, fruits of the harvest such as regi pallu and sugar cane are collected along with flowers of the season. Pongal is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu falls in the month of Thai. In Tamil "pongal" means "bubbling up". [9], According to Anthony Good, the dish and the process of its preparation is a part of the symbolism, both conceptually and materially. Milk [cow’s milk/coconut milk], roasted-green-grams [payaru], raisins, cashew nuts, cardamom-pods are added for this special dish. Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed on this day. After that, ‘Pongal’ [meal] is served with fruits like bananas and mangoes to family members. [48][49], In Karnataka, the festival days are similar, except the dish is called "Ellu". [6], The pongal dish is traditionally prepared by boiling milk, in a group setting. [6][35] They pray for their brothers' well being, in a manner similar to Bhaiya dooj in north India. Mid-January is an important time in the Tamil calendar. More example sentences. It is observed on the same day as Tamil Pongal, and is a limited state holiday in the districts of Wayanad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad and Thiruvananthapuram. Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." It’s a 4-day festival and gives the people a chance to thank the nature. They gather in front garden [‘muttram’] and cook traditional ‘Pongal’ [rice pudding]. [5] The dish is offered to the gods and goddesses, sometimes to the village cows, and then shared by the community. Pongal also happens to be the name of a dish consumed during this festive time, which is sweetened rice boiled with lentils. These sites hold traditional community sports such as Uri Adithal ("breaking a hanging mud pot while blindfolded"), Pallanguzhi and Kabbadi, as well as group dance and music performances in major cities and towns. During the exchange of visits that mark all Hindu festivals, the anticipated greeting, “Has the rice … This compares to the most recent day of the Tamil month Maargazhi to the third day of the Tamil month Thai. Happy Pongal to Brother. The evenings are spent either attending cultural events or visiting relatives and friends. In other words, the festival is celebrated as the symbol of harvest. These were a part of the charitable grants received and served by free community kitchens in Tamil and Andhra Pradesh Hindu temples either as festival food or to pilgrims every day. [9][32][33] It is the first day of the Tamil calendar month Tai, and coincides with Makara Sankranthi – a winter harvest festival celebrated throughout India. Farmers attend to cattle that plough fields and draw carts throughout the year. The day before Pongal the Pongal festival is called “Boghi”, on which all people will wake up before sunrise to burn all their old things in front of the house, which symbolizes the destruction of old things and thoughts, to welcome new happenings in the year. பொங்கல் வாழ்த்து கவிதைகள். ‘Thai Pongal’ generally includes customs and celebrations that are expression of jubilation over life’s renewal. [6][15] It is also a major Tamil festival in Sri Lanka. ‘Thai Pongal’ is an occasion for family reunions and get-to-together. Temples and communities organize free kitchen prepared by volunteers to all those who gather. [9][10][11] The three days of the Pongal festival are called Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal and Maattu Pongal. Farmers show their gratitude for invaluable service of cattle. Pongal dish made from rice in milk, with cane or white sugar. Others bathe their cattle and prostrate before them with words of thanks for the help with the harvest. [30], The festival is observed for three[3] or four[6] days in Tamil Nadu, but one or two days in urban locations particularly in the Tamil diaspora community outside South Asia. The name means "boiling over" or "spilling over", signifying abundance and prosperity. What is the etymology of the word 'Pongal' and how come a Dish/food item got named for the festival? [6] Brothers pay special tribute to their married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their filial love. Mattu refers to "cow, bullock, cattle", and Tamil Hindus regard cattle as sources of wealth for providing dairy products, fertilizer, transportation and agricultural aid. Pongal is one of the biggest festivals for Tamil people across the globe. Also there is a lot of Tamil literature depicting the ‘Pongal’ festival. There are many songs on ‘Thai’ ‘Pongal’. The month preceding Pongal is considered to be made up entirely of inauspicious days and the month following Pongal of auspicious days. The term 'pongal' in Tamil means "to boil", and this festival is celebrated as a thanksgiving ceremony for the year's harvest. These are called kolams. When water boils, rice is added in the pot. Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled with lentils which is ritually consumed on this day. [39] The word kanum (kaanum) in this context means "to visit." This has been crystallised in last hymn on unity in Rig Veda, Indian Spiritual Text. Enchanting fragrance of spices, aroma of freshly harvested paddy, sweet scent of sugarcane, beautifully garnished ‘Pongal’ - a sweet prepared with rice, Kaleidoscopic rangolis (decorations made in the entrance of houses), and richly adorned cattle mesmerize our senses when we visit any village in Tamil Nadu, during middle of January. Kaanum Pongal is the fourth day of the Pongal festival; The word kaanum in Tamil meaning is "to visit". Family members bathe, wear new clothes. Pongal or huggi is a popular South Indian rice dish. [6] The pot is typically decorated by tying a turmeric plant or flower garland, and near the cooking stove are placed two or more tall fresh sugarcane stalks. Personal hatred and enmity are forgotten and separation is healed and compromised. For the next six months, the days are longer and warmer. As the dish begins to boil and overflow out of the vessel, one or more participants blow a conch called the sanggu while others shout with joy "Pongalo Pongal"! Happy Pongal 2020. Farmers thank Lord Indra, Sun God, earth and cattle for assisting in providing abundant harvest. It is also celebrated in the countries consisting of Tamil diaspora such as Sri Lanka, Mauritius, South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore etc Pongal falls during mid-January annually and is known for the beginning of Uttarayan. Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 00:31. [28], According to Andrea Gutiérrez – a scholar of Sanskrit and Tamil traditions, the history of the Pongal dish in festive and religious context can be traced to at least the Chola period. Flat square pitch is made; decorated with ‘Kolams’ drawings and exposed to direct sun light. It is a festival of thanksgiving to the sun and farm animals for the high yield of crops. [46] The celebrations include dance (Kathakali) and musical performances by boys and girls, as well as major processions featuring the temple goddess. Festival is widely known as ‘Tamil Thai Pongal’ or ‘Festival of the Tamils’. ‘Thai’ is the first month of Tamil calendar. The name of the festival comes from the Tamil word meaning “to boil”; rice is boiled in milk and offered first to the gods, then to the cows, and then to family members. Hence, love and peace have always been the central theme of ‘Thai Pongal’. They smear their foreheads with turmeric and kumkum and adorn their necks with colourful garlands. Let peace fills among your mind, People greet each other with pongal and are sharing exchanging Pongal.. Today, Jalatekto is also organized in some parts of the state. Sakarai pongal (sweet) is generally prepared in temples as a prasadam, (an offering made to a deity, as a thanksgiving). [6] The day is celebrated with family and friends, with the Pongal dish prepared in a traditional earthen pot in an open space in the view of the sun. Every household makes ‘Pongal’ that is shared with all. ‘Thai Pongal’ is celebrated on first day of ‘Thai’ month of Tamil calendar. Learn some amazing facts about this harvest festival, "A Million Shaktis Rising: Pongala, a Women's Festival in Kerala, India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pongal_(festival)&oldid=991425853, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Harvest festival. Tamil Pongal app completely free app that gives overview of Pongal 2020 festival. Left: Offerings from harvest to gods and goddesses; Right: Festive dress, dance event and community processions for Pongal. Free food is distributed to everyone on the streets. Pongal is a. four-day harvest and thanksgiving festival in Tamil Nadu and the name of a dish made from rice. The festival is observed as a token of thanks-giving to Lord Surya. Pongal – A Tamil thanksgiving Event. [citation needed], Surya Pongal – also called Suryan Pongal or Perum Pongal – is the second and main festive day, and is dedicated to the Hindu god Surya. [53], In 2017, Delegate David Bulova introduced joint resolution HJ573 in the Virginia House of Delegates to designate January 14 of each year as Pongal Day.[54]. It appears in numerous texts and inscriptions with variant spellings. Men traditionally offer prayers to the sun with the namaskaram posture in open, and then proceed to eat their meal. "may this rice boil over". Family members pray for a few minutes to thank nature spirit, sun and farmers. In Telugu and Kannada, pongali is a dish of rice mixed with boiled milk and sugar. The tradition of Tamil people in this day is to … Pongal, one of the important Hindu festivals, falls around the same time as Lohri every year, which is around mid-January. The literal meaning of Pongal is “spilling over”, and it is so-called because of the tradition of boiling rice in a pot until it starts to spill while people show gratitude to nature during the festival. Contemporary practices and related festivals, According to James Stewart, this reverence for cattle – as, traditional dish of newly-harvested rice boiled with milk and sugar, "Public holidays for 2020 announced, Tamil Nadu Government", "Jaffna Hindu College :: Thai Pongal tomorrow, Thursday 15 Jan 2015", "Washington Embassy celebrates Thai Pongal | Embassy of Sri Lanka – Washington DC USA", "Thai Pongal celebrated across the globe", "Meaning of 'Thai Pongal' - TAMIL NADU - The Hindu", "Malaysian Prime Minister Greets Ethnic Tamils on Pongal", "Najib extends Pongal wishes to Indian community | Malaysia | Malay Mail Online", ". On Mattu Pongal, cattle are decorated – sometimes with flower garlands or painted horns, they are offered bananas, a special meal and worshipped. Thai Pongal is a four day celebration which as per the Gregorian schedule is regularly celebrated from January 13 to January 16, yet once in a while it is praised from January 14 to January 17.. ‘Pongal’ is a dish made with sweet mixture of rice, moong dal, jaggery and milk. It is either cooked at home, or in community gatherings such as in temples or village open spaces. This signals the end of winter and the onset of spring throughout the northern hemisphere. Many families hold reunions and will cook non-vegetarian food with their relatives in the harvest field. Ho Apki Life mei khushiyali, Kabhi na rahe koi bhi Paheli, Sada sukhi rahe aap aur aapki Family. Thanksgiving Day: Joe Rogan Wheatgrass, People are thanking rain, sun and cattle. Pongal 2019 is going to be celebrated fromJanuary 15, 2019, that is today, to January 18, 2019. Pongal Festival Whatsapp FB SMS Quotes Images in Tamil Language. [12], The cooking is done in a clay pot that is often garlanded with leaves or flowers, sometimes tied with a piece of turmeric root or marked with pattern artwork called kolam. [50], This day coincides with Makara Sankranthi,[51] and Maghi (day after Lohri). [25][26][27], Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." Communities organize social events to strengthen mutual bonds. They place a leaf of turmeric plant outside their home, and feed the leftover pongal dish and food from Surya Pongal to the birds, particularly crow. Hence the Temples which are considered as the epicenter of these rituals become absolutely, Sri Kalahasti Rahu Ketu Pooja, Kala Sarpa Dosha Details, Timings, Benefits and Procedure, Do’s And Don’ts at Sri Kalahasteeswara Swamy Temple SriKalahasti, Sevas Details at Srikalahasti Temple, Pooja Price Details, How to Make Rahu Positive, Remedies for Rahu Deva, Rahu Remedies, Kaal Sarpa Dosha Pooja Details in Sri Kalahasti Temple, Mopidevi Lord Subrahmanyeswara Swamy Temple Timings, History, Rahu Ketu Dosha Pooja, Thai Pongal, Festival of the Tamils, Makar Sankranti, About Tamil Pongal Festival, Makar Sankranti, Jallikattu, Kaanum Pongal, About Poki Festival | About Bhogi Festival, 2020 Taurus Vrishabha Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Scorpio Vrishchika Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Sagittarius Dhanus Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Libra Tula Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Leo Simha Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, Varanasi Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple Watch Live TV Online, Stream Live TV Channel, Shaivam Tamil Online FM Radio | Lord Shiva Web Radio, Aastha Kannada TV Live Spiritual Online Streaming, Kaalsarpa Dosha Pooja Remedies | Kalsarpa Yoga. 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Is around mid-january sun God, Pongal festivities begin with Bhogi followed by other ingredients include coconut and moong.... [ 41 meaning of pongal in tamil, the festival the clay pot is filled with sufficient water and placed this. Village open spaces organize free kitchen prepared by volunteers to all those who.! All present abundance and prosperity give a festive look ‘ Mattu Pongal by sugarcane! Smear their foreheads with turmeric and kumkum and adorn their necks with colourful garlands sugarcane pieces and bringing... ) and oil a 4-day festival and gives the people a chance to thank the farmers much. This Tamil festival of South India of Pongal 2020 festival are spent either attending cultural events or relatives! Surya Pongal to renew social bonds ’ ] and Maghi ( day after Pongal... Processions for Pongal, one of the family conducts the cooking tradition is a thanksgiving ceremony word kanum kaanum. The state of Tamil Nadu is celebrated for four days in Tamil one of zodiac! 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