animals in africa

The zebra is a herbivorous mammal known for its black and white stripes all over its body. It has a brown mane on the neck, and its head has two hairy horns. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! The African elephant's length from head to rump is 19 to 24 feet, according to World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). Its preferred habitat is swamps, lakes, and rivers, where they may remain submerged for up to 16 hours, according to National Geographic. These countries have savannas, grasslands, woodlands, and montane forests of up to 4,000 meters in altitude where spotted hyenas inhabit. At times, several family units join to form a clan of around 70 elephants, each led by a female, according to World Wide Fund for Nature. Habitats suited for African elephants are the grasslands and acacia savanna, miombo woodlands, and forested regions, wherein they feed on up to 300 pounds of foods like roots, grasses, fruit, tree barks, and leaves daily, according to National Geographic. Apart from South Africa, tsessebe is also found in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Swaziland. It has a dog-like snout, nose, and lips, its eyelids are dark, and its furred ears are white. These monkeys are furry and noisy, but very caring for their young. It reaches speeds of 60 miles per hour in as little as three seconds according to National Geographic. Relatives of the most common horse, zebras are very unpredictable animals and don’t cope well with stress, the reason for which they could never be domesticated. In oriental mythology jackals are clever sorcerers, while in Egyptian religion they are Gods of the afterlife. The geographical diversity has resulted in a vast and varied population of African animals. This article will take you on an African safari with the following African animals list. While some say this is not the prettiest pig relative out there, we just can’t ignore his resemblance to Pumba (the Lion King character). The hyena population is predominant in Sub-Saharan Africa, except for the Congo rainforests, according to ARKive Initiative. In Africa, 98.8 percent of white rhinos are in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya, according to World Wide Fund for Nature. These half meter tall antelopes can fit all four hooves onto a piece of cliff the size of a coin and never have to drink water, since the succulent plant they forage on provides them with sufficient water. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, 10 Animals That Live in Pakistan — Pakistan Animals, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa, Thailand Animals - Animals That Live in Thailand. The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. Click on the pictures to discover more about each species. The lemur’s tail length is 55 centimeters, and its head and body length is 8.5 to 45.5 centimeters, according to National Geographic. They are scavengers and hunters of small animals. It is the fastest antelope in Africa and can attain a speed of up to 90 km/h. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. The African elephant has a trunk to smell, breath, drink water, and grab objects like food. While the females are warm brown and horn-less as the nyala pictured below, the males are dark skinned with long spiraled horns and a woolly fringe on their belly. Its wrinkled coat is gray in color, and is covered with sparse fur. Renowned as a cowardly scavenger, the spotted hyena is a wily hunter with dog-like looks, and is the second largest carnivore in Africa after the lion, according to ARKive Initiative (AI). Their ears help them detect insects and rodents hiding underground. A relative of the bull, the wildebeest or the Gnu is a large game animal. Vulnerable to predators as an adult, calf giraffes are hunted by lions, leopard and hyenas. As a scavenging carnivore, it largely feeds on the carcasses of dead animals. (Humans included.) According to Giraffe Conservation Foundation, less than 80,000 giraffes remain globally. With elephants being the largest creatures on land at the moment, it’s no wonder the elephant babies weight 100 kilograms at birth. Africa is home to the largest land animal (African elephant) and the tallest animal (giraffe) in the world. It’s nocturnal where its populations are large. Its height to shoulder height ranges from 8.2 to 13 feet, and weighs 5,000 to 14,000 pounds, according to National Geographic. The vast plains of Africa and the dense jungle is the home to a wide population of animals, that roam freely on the African land. Africa is home to the Big Five, which consists of the Lion, Leopard, Rhinoceros, Elephant, and the Cape Buffalo. It can be found in the Sub-Saharan Africa and is considered one of the most plentiful wild bird breed in the world. It’s herbivorous, and feeds on leaves, tree buds, and shoots from trees like the Acacia, and other thorny plants and grasses in smaller quantities. During the day, the hippo is sedentary, but at dusk it leaves the water to graze. The spotted hyena can ran fast for long distances without tiring, and produces laughter-like sounds. The tsessebe is a subspecies of Africa antelope and closely related to topi. 10. Topis are some of the fastest antelopes, reaching a speed of up to 70 km/hour when pressed. No matter the sizes of their respective populations, they each contribute to the biodiversity balance within and across their respective African territories. Hippos are social, and live in groups of 20 to 100. African elephants achieve sexual maturity at 10 to 12 years, according to Animal Diversity (AD). The spotted hyena weighs from 110 to 190 pounds, its length from head to rump is between 0.86 and 1.5 meters, and its tail is 25 to 36 centimeters according to National Geographic. But did you know the gestation period lasts for 22 months? These habitats also have gazelles, wildebeest calves, impalas, hares, and smaller hoofed herbivores that are part of the cheetah’s diet. In these habitats, it feeds on fruits, leaves, flowers, stems, spiders, caterpillars, cicadas, insect cocoons, birds, chameleons, and grasshoppers. Magpies are easy to spot thanks to their black and white colourings. So here are the 10 most dangerous animals in Africa – not, of course, including the most dangerous creature on earth – man himself. Africa is home to some of the world's most endangered species, including the mountain gorilla, Grevy’s zebra, and Ethiopian wolf. Their famous stripes are different and unique to each individual, just like a human fingerprint. They have non-retractable claws so they can’t climb tall trees. The world’s fastest land mammal is the cheetah. 1. Normally, they collect objects found such as jewels or plastics and save them in their nest. These animals are spiny-tailed lizards found in Africa and are active during daylight time. It has an unruly dark mane on its upper and lower neck, and sharp, upward curving, black horns. The wildebeest's height is 4.5 feet, and its length to the rump 8 feet, and it weighs up to 600 pounds, according to National Geographic. The Maasai describes them as wearing a suede jacket, blue jeans and yellow boots. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world!There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? The hippo is herbivorous, and feeds on grasses, reeds, and plant shoots. With a total body length between 24 and 40 cm, this big eared guy is the smallest fox there is. The Dung beetle This large feline is the fastest animal on land running with a speed up to 120 km/hour in short 500 meter bursts. Sexual maturity for females begins at 1.5 to 2.5 years, and for male wildebeest at 3 to 4 years. It has black and yellow to soft orange spots, and weighs 77 to 143 pounds. The more characteristic African fauna is found in the Afrotropical realm. The white rhinoceros’ height to the shoulder can reach 1.85 meters, according to World Wide Fund for Nature, and the front horns can be 60 to 150 centimeters long. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! A cheetah achieves sexual maturity at 20 to 23 months, according to the Cheetah Foundation, and in the wild has an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years. There are several animal species that are among the world’s tallest, fastest or even tiniest animals such as the majestic giraffe, the speedy cheetah or the tiny pygmy shrew.. Several animal species are endangered such as the African wild dogs, the oribi or the rhino which is hunted for its horn. The habitat loss and hunting are the main threats to this exotic species. These are the Forest and the Savanna African elephants. This African animal is well-known for being social and living in groups. It weighs 5 to 5.7 pounds. Most endangered animals in Africa. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, and it’s diverse in culture and natural beauty, but it’s also home to many unique species. To protect populations from further decline, our on-the-ground safeguards involve training rangers and using sniffer dogs to stop wildlife traffickers. There are two species, and both are found in Africa. 10 Greater Kudu. We’ve made an A to Z list of African animals to look out for on your next trip to Africa. Sexual maturity is achieved in 2 to 3 years, and it has an average lifespan of up to 25 years in the wild, according to National Geographic. After the elephant, the "near threatened" white rhinoceros is the second largest land mammal in the world. Slaughtered animals, on the other hand, have commercial value as food, jewelry, decor, or traditional medicine. Its skin color is grayish-brown, though the first name suggests it’s white. In the wild, they have an average lifespan of up to 70 years, according to National Geographic. They eat insects, small rodents and birds. Their diet includes seeds, eggs, nuts, insects, and fruits. The lemur’s face is white, and the eyes are surrounded by dark patches, and the upper part of the forelimbs have grayish-white fur, while the paws and feet are dark. The vast reserves, sanctuaries and protected areas have resulted in a decrease in poaching and hunting of the wild animals. There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? There are many animals of the African wilderness, that call the continent of Africa home. According to Africa Wildlife Foundation, there are about 7,500 of cheetahs left in the wild, inhabiting territories in Eastern and Southern Africa in such countries as Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and neighboring others. Its underside has a mixture of white, grey, and cream colors, according to ARKive Initiative (AI). Its average length is 6 feet, and the longest ever recorded was 12 feet. Sexual maturity begins by at least 18 months, and the snake has a lifespan of 12 to 20 years in captivity, according to Reptiles Magazine. In this environment it primarily feeds on rodents, as well as birds, lizards, and bats, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Spotted hyenas can collectively besiege, and bring down, a large wildebeest, as well as antelopes and buffaloes. Xeruses are ground squirrels that live in rocky deserts around Africa. These are the Large and the Pygmy hippo. Compared to black rhinos, white rhinos have a longer skull, less hair, and are bigger. It’s just another safari animal that brings to light the fact we’re witnessing a global extinction across the globe. In the wild, their average lifespans are up to 20 years, according to National Geographic. The Lemur’s thick fur is grayish-brown on the back, and grey on the limbs and rump. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the western green mamba is native to Benin, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Females are solitary except when raising cubs. The western green mamba is a glossy green snake whose underbelly is a light, bright green. Zebras are social animals that live in harems comprising of one stallion and up to six female zebras plus their young ones according to Defenders of Wildlife (DOW). Wildebeest are killed for food, especially for making the Southern African delicacy biltong (dried game meat). Only the males have horns, which they use in territorial battles. Porcupines are salt lickers and will lick and eat anything that is covered in salt, from household items such as tables or clothes to vehicle tires coated in road salt. Cheetahs are largely solitary, but at times males from the same litters live in small groups. Hippos are large, mostly herbivorous,  semi-aquatic mammals. Usually, Uromastyx eat plants or seeds. One of the most abundant antelopes in Africa, the impalas, can grow up to 95 cm tall. Hyenas live in clans of up to 90 animals that defend their territory. List of African Animals: Introduction. Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Botswana, South Africa, and Namibia have the largest spotted hyena populations. There are many other cool African animals you would be interested to know. credit of image: By Kore, Wikimedia, CC BY SA 3.0 . According to Dictionary.com, an endangered species is an animal species existing in such small numbers that it is in danger of becoming extinct, especially such a species placed in jeopardy as a result of human activity. Cape Buffalo The Cape Buffalo is a safe bet for number ten. This medium sized antelope prefers a deep forest to any plain there is in Africa. If you have a good travel story or travel tips to share, just drop us a comment (or two ;), List of African Animals Beginning with Letters A to Z. The King of the Jungle, the second largest feline after the Tiger, the Lion is today considered a vulnerable species, with its population decline of thirty to fifty percent in the last 20 years. These far away relatives of the wolves are crepuscular, being most active at dawn and dusk. The lemur is a primate with a long, bushy, black and white ringed tail. Its height to the shoulder is 3.5 to 5 feet, and weighs from 440 to 990 pounds. At full maturity, the white rhino’s length from head to rump is 3.4 to 4.2 meters, and the tail’s length is 50 to 70 centimeters, according to National Geographic. The black mamba is the largest and most feared of Africa's venomous snake species. Okapis can reach up to 8 feet in length and weigh between 180-310 kg. Morocco Animals — What Kind of Animals Live in Morocco? Their body is covered with large, pointy spines. It’s found in Madagascar’s spiny forests, lowland gallery forests, dry deciduous forests, rainforests, rocky canyons, and dry scrub lands, according to ARKive Initiative. These small birds from Africa varies in color and size. It purrs like a domestic cat. By James Karuga on June 29 2018 in Environment. They are ferocious in protecting their territory, and use their odor as a defense mechanism. Otters are semi-aquatic mammals which feed on fish, birds and small mammals. These countries have wild grassland plains, woodlands, and the savannas which are suited for them. According to National Geographic, its weight is between 3,168 and 7,920 tons, though females are significantly smaller. Meanwhile, males begin mating at 10 to 12 years. Western green mambas lead a solitary lifestyle, and males finds a female mate in spring by tracking their scent trails, according to a Jacksonville Zoo report. Tsessebe. A zebra sleeps standing up, and will bark to warn others of danger. And if you’re a real animal lover, take a look at these beaches that are inhabited by unusual animals and you might just find your next bucket list destination! Wildebeests are preyed upon by lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, and crocodiles, and are especially susceptible to these while crossing rivers like the Mara River migrating into the Serengeti. Also known as Red-billed Quelea or Red-billed weaver, is a small bird from the weaver family. These antelopes can reach a height of up to 140 cm and their horns can be as long as 110 cm. Lemurs live in troops that can comprise of 6 to 30 of them each. Africa is endowed with an varied array of wild animals. Your email address will not be published. Africa, the land with an abundance of different kinds and species of animals. Some of these wild animals are classified as "endangered", while others are more populous, and, therefore, of "least concern". African animals list with pictures and facts. African elephant populations lie to the south of the Sahara Desert in the Eastern, Central, Southern, and Western Africa countries like Kenya, Guinea, Niger, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, and others. A giraffe is social, and females live in groups of 10 to 12 animals. As a member of the giraffe family, okapis have long necks, not as long as giraffes. In 5 to 6 years, females achieve sexual maturity. It’s about 5 feet tall at the shoulders, according to the Africa Wildlife Foundation (AWF). The cheetah’s length from head to rump is 1.1 to 1.4 meters, and the tail is 65 to 80 centimeters long. Required fields are marked *, Do you love travelling, getting to know new cultures and meeting new people from all over the world? Africa is the world’s second largest continent (Asia is the largest). The giraffe is the world’s tallest animal, and well known for its long legs and neck. Its coat is light brown with specks of black color. In fact, among the top reasons to visit some of the countries here would be to marvel at the wildlife, and there is no denying that Africa is home to some of the most majestic animals in the world. Sexual maturity for a lemur starts at 2.5 to 3 years of age. The white rhinoceros has a lifespan of 40 years according to World Wide Fund for Nature. Tend to nest in pairs and like to eat earthworms, insects, and lizards. This medium sized nocturnal mammal, native to Africa, only eats ants, termites and one type of cucumber, called Aardvark cucumber. There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? beaches that are inhabited by unusual animals, 5 Dangerous Marine Animals: Prevention and Remedies, Best Wildlife Experiences and Sanctuaries, 10 Day Trips to Escape the Main European Cities, What to eat, do and see in Essaouira, Morocco, http://www.africanzeal.com/most-endangered-animals-in-africa/. Like many of Africa’s greatest animals, cheetahs are under grave threat from humans and habitat loss. It has strong jaws that crush heavy bones to obtain the nutritious marrow, but it also eats birds, lizards, snakes, and insects, according to National Geographic. Female hyenas are dominant over males, according to an International Union for the Conservation of Nature hyena specialist group report. They are also the best swimming teachers out there. The African elephant lives in herds of around 10, comprising of males and females separately. Its skin is hairless and dark brown to grayish-black in color, and the underbelly is pink. If cornered, the western green mamba hisses, and strikes the enemy with whitish venom that affects respiration and heart rate. Protecting an astounding diversity of species. Porcupines are rounded, large, slow rodents. A female zebra achieves sexual maturity at 2 years, and a male at 3 years. Africa is endowed with an varied array of wild animals. With it long neck the giraffe can reach the tallest and tastiest leaves in the savanna and also engage in “neckings”, a type of male combat in which the neck is used as a weapon. These countries have tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub lands upon which it feeds on. From head to toe, a mature giraffe’s height is from 14 to 19 feet, and the animal weighs from 1,750 to 2,800 pounds, according to National Geographic (NG). They grow up to 14 feet / 4.2 meters in length and are notoriously aggressive when cornered.Thought to be the fastest of all African snakes, they usually strike repeatedly, releasing a … Rhinoceros are large plant eating mammals which are able to reach more than a tonne in weight. Did you know there’s a special hotel in Kenya where you can feed giraffes from your hotel room window?! After the elephant and the rhino, the hippopotamus is the world’s third largest land mammal. When happy, giraffes will gallop and engage in playful behavior. These are some of the most endangered animals in Africa, some of which are near extinction with less than 1000 population. In these countries, the western green mamba lives in humid forests where rainfall exceeds 1,500 millimeters annually, but in Togo its habitat range includes drier open forests in the north, the Guinea savanna in the west, and the littoral lake zones as well. The giraffe is found in such African countries as Kenya, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Uganda, South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana. They are listed as vulnerable, and according to African Wildlife Foundation, each year 8 percent of the population is poached for their ivory tusks, and now only approximately 415,000 elephants remain.. It is believed by African magicians to have magical powers. The hippo’s length from head to rump is 9.5 to 14 feet, and their tails' lengths are 35 to 50 centimeters, according to National Geographic. The hippo average lifespan in the wild, according to National Geographic, is 40 years. What kind of animals live in Africa? The African elephant is the largest land animal on earth, with two subspecies. They have thick armor like skin, small brains that can weight less than a kilogram and no knees. Wildlife in South Africa is abundant, with almost 300 mammal species.. The African elephant is the world’s largest land animal, weighing 6 tons and ranging from 19 to 24 feet, World Wildlife Fund reports. Poaching and loss of habitat are the main threats for the African animals. East and Southern Africa is where zebra populations are spread out in countries like Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa, according to Africa Wildlife Foundation. Here the list of 10 amazing animals found only in Africa. The giraffe’s coat has brown patches stained with black, which are separated by a beige coloration. The Large hippo is found to the south of the Sahara in East Africa, while the Pygmy species lives in West Africa. Endangered Animals in Africa. To subdue and kill its prey, the cheetah knocks it down and bites the neck to suffocate it. So do we.We blog about travel, exciting destinations to visit, typical food to taste and modern nomads to meet. It can achieve speeds of 7 miles per hour if running from predators. Their average lifespan is 25 years. Okapi is one of the most endangered animals of Africa. Some of these wild animals are classified as "endangered", while others are more populous, and, therefore, of "least concern". Here are some of the animals native to South Africa. Despite their pig-like appearance their closest relatives are whales, from which they diverged some 55 millions of years ago. Males competing for females will engage in serious bloody conflicts with their horns. Its predators are lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, and humans. At times, they come together and form harems of up to 30 members. Today many animals in Africa are being fast-tracked towards extinction and so have been identified as endangered species in order to protect them from animal predators and their biggest predators; humans. World Cheetah populations were around 100,000 in 1990 and 9,000 to 12,000 left. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. For each ecological setting therein, there are wild animals to match, and habitats within which to sustain them. For each ecological setting therein, there are wild animals to match, and habitats within which to sustain them. We’ve made an A to Z list of African animals to look out for on your next trip to Africa. But there are also plenty of other animals living in Africa ranging from small mammals to large mammals as well as reptiles, vertebrates and various kinds of birds and insects. Its habitat is the grassy plains and open woodlands found in central, southern, and eastern Africa, such as those found in the Serengeti and Masai Mara game reserves. In the wild, a lemur can live on average 18 years, according to National Geographic. Most endangered animals in Africa Wildebeests are social animals that huddle and travel in herds, and are active both day and night, all the while grazing constantly. In Egyptian folklore, Baboons were considered sacred animals. These countries have open tall savanna grasslands and woodlands, which cheetahs rely on for natural camouflage during hunts. They are omnivore foragers, but are also known to eat sheep, goats and small antelopes. At full maturity, it weighs from 5,000 to 8,000 pounds. In the wild, a zebra can live on average 25 years, according to National Geographic. A male reaches sexual maturity at 7 years, and a female at 4 years. The hippo skin secretes an oily red substance that acts as a sun block, moisturizer, and anti-germ protection mechanism. These countries have treeless grasslands and savanna woodlands habitats with grasses, shrubs, herbs, twigs, leaves, and bark for zebras to feed on. When fighting, male sable bulls drop to their knees and use their horns to fight. Sexual maturity for females starts at 4 to 5 years, but reproduce only after year 6 or 7. We’ve made an A to Z list of African animals to look out for on your next trip to Africa.. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! The western green mamba lives on abandoned termite and animal burrows, and in rocky terrains and sparse brush. The wildebeest is an herbivorous mammal belonging to the antelope family. The spotted hyena's rough fur color is sandy, ginger, dull grey, or brown, with dark spots on its back, rump, and legs that fade with age, according to ARKive Initiative. Around 14 female white rhinoceroses with their calves can cluster together, while they are defended by adult males in territories of 1 to 3 square kilometers marked with dung piles. We think it’s quite a character with its huge tusks and unwavering care for it’s young. It can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/hour in 3 seconds. The fauna of Africa, in its broader sense, is all the animals living in Africa and its surrounding seas and islands. Close relatives of Meerkats, Yellow Mongooses are very attentive little creatures, also using a sentinel to keep eye on eventual predators, such as birds of prey. With habitats ranging from tropical rainforest to desert, Africa is home to many of the world’s best-known animals. Keep reading and find out just how fascinating Africa’s wildlife really is! 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